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浅谈石油机械
添加时间:2018/9/14
我国是发展中能生产成套石油钻机的国家,其技术和质量已接近国际水平,在国际市场上有一定的竞争力。经过几十年的发展,我国石油钻机技术和制造能力都得到了很大的提高,已基本满足我国石油勘探开发工作的需要,并且形成了几个比较集中的石油机械制造基地,如以兰州、宝鸡等为主的钻井设备基地,以上海、江苏为主的石油工具制造基地,以济南为主的石油钻机专用柴油机制造基地等。
  自2001 年我国加入WTO后,石油机械装备制造业与销售领域发生了巨大的变化,机遇与挑战并存,如何在全球竞争中生存和发展已成为各企业必须面对的问题。我国虽然是石油设备的制造大国,但品种少,技术发展相对较慢。其原因主要有以下几个方面:
  (1)我国石油机械制造企业多为五、六十年代的老厂,基础设施落后、资金短缺,缺乏自我发展与创新能力,导致生产技术落后。
 
   (2)轻视技术研发,新产品开发能力薄弱,老产品缺乏竞争力,导致企业货物销量较小,企业难以发展。
 
    (3)企业管理水平滞后,使得企业生产效率低下,效益下滑。
 
    (4)由于市场观念淡薄,低水平重复建设增多,导致生产能力过剩。目前,我国陆上石油装备的总需求量大概有80亿元,而全国已形成的制造能力却超过了103 亿。
 
    大部分油田机械厂长期依靠油田企业,缺乏开拓市场的能力。由于新产品开发进度缓慢,缺乏竞争力,好多已经开辟的市场正逐步流失。同时,对于国外的市场信息不够灵敏,抓不住商机,无法占领国际市场。与我公司洽谈合作、共同发展。
       Our country is a developing country can only production of complete sets of drilling rig, its technology and quality is close to the international level, has the certain competitiveness in the international market. After decades of development, China's oil drilling technology and manufacturing capabilities have been greatly improved, has basically meet the need of the petroleum exploration and development in our country, and has formed a few relatively concentrated oil machinery manufacturing base, such as in lanzhou and baoji, etc, the base of drilling equipment is given priority to with Shanghai, jiangsu oil tool manufacturing base, mainly in jinan diesel engine manufacturing base for drilling rig. Etc.
 
        Since China's accession to the WTO in 2001, oil machinery and equipment manufacturing and sales, great changes have taken place in both opportunities and challenges, how to survival and development in the global competition has become each enterprise must face the problem. Although it is petroleum equipment manufacturer in China, but less varieties, technology development is relatively slow. The reason mainly has the following several aspects:
 
   (1) the petroleum machinery manufacturing enterprises in our country for five or more old factory in the '60 s, poor infrastructure, shortage of funds, lack of self development and innovation ability, backward production technology.
 
   (2) the despise technology research and development, new product development ability is weak, old products less competitive, lead to the goods sales volume smaller, enterprise is difficult to develop.
 
 
 
   (3) the level of enterprise management lag, makes the enterprise productivity and profits.
 
 
 
   (4) as a result of a weak market concept, low level repeated construction, lead to overcapacity. At present, the total demand to continental petroleum equipment in China is about 8 billion yuan, the country has formed the manufacturing capacity of more than 10.3 billion.
 
 
 
      Most of the oil field machinery factory rely on the oilfield enterprises for a long time, lack of ability to expand the market. Due to new product development progress is slow, lack of competitiveness, many have open up the market is gradually lost. At the same time, the foreign market information sensitive enough to grasp business opportunities, unable to occupy the international market. With our company to discuss cooperation and common development.
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